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Sep 01, 2019 | Craig Lile

The Good and Bad of God’s Absolute Truth

1 Samuel 22

Culture has shifted to embrace the belief that there are no absolute truths. Our culture says that whatever truths work for you is fine and what I choose for me is to be embraced as well. This philosophy rejects the ultimate authority of God’s Word and Christ Jesus. What American culture promotes and embraces today (even by those who are absolutely certain there are no absolute truths) does not alter the reality that every single truth of God’s Word will be fulfilled regardless of human ideas. In I Samuel 22 the unrighteous murder of many innocent priests of God at the hands of unrighteous and ungodly men still fulfills the spoken word of God: judgment was coming due to the sin and rebellion of Eli the high priest and his sons earlier in the book of I Samuel. Chapter 22 is filled with God's instructional and transformational truth to all who have ears to hear and will heed what God declares.

The Good and Bad of God’s Absolute Truth
I Samuel 22
Pew Bible Page 155

Textual Study

Verses 1-5 David Leaves for Adullam
Adullam, 20 miles SW of Jerusalem and 10 miles NE of Gath, is listed as a city of Judah in Joshua 15:35. The cave was probably nearby.

David’s family came from Bethlehem to join David at Adullam, as did some 400 ___________________________ and _______________ men.

David sent his family to Moab (to kinsmen of his great-grandmother, ____________) to escape danger from King Saul.

David went to the forest of Hereth, east of Adullam, to be among his own people in Judah, whom God had anointed him to reign over.

Verses 6-23 Saul Punishes the Innocent, Furthering the Word of God
King Saul wielded worldly power but was ___________________________ helpless.

Doeg the Edomite showed no love or concern for David or God’s priests, but sought an opportunity for __________________________ advantage.

Recent discoveries indicate that Eastern priests and diviners were sometimes required to take oaths of loyalty to the king and serve as informants about rebellion and enemies of the king. Saul saw the priests as co-conspirators, resulting in their death penalty for sedition. Saul’s view (cultural/demonic/carnal) contrasted with God’s view (truth).


Men who had suffered loss, deprivation, discontent, disenchantment or mistreatment by society came to and became fiercely loyal to David, became his inner circle and soldiers, and were central to his rule over Israel (II Samuel 23:8 ff). Is this not also common among those who __________ to _______________? (I Corinthians 1:26-31; II Corinthians 12:9-10; Daniel 12:7,10)

_____________ can be powerless, powerful, predictable and unpredictable. ________ is unpredictable, powerful, just and perfect. His ___________ is absolute, is truth, and will be done . . . regardless of our understanding, the implications, people’s reactions or our plans.

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